A paper mill is a factory devoted to making papers from vegetable fibers such as wood pulp, old rags, and other ingredients. Prior to the invention and adoption of the Fourdrinier machine and other types of paper machine that use an endless belt, all paper in a paper mill was made by hand, one sheet at a time, by specialized laborers.
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Market size of paper & pulp industry worldwide from 2021 to 2029
Bangladesh paper industry, which now markets its products in some developed countries even, holds huge potential for boosting export if over half of its dormant production capacity is used to exploit unfolding global trade.
Industry people express such view as the paper-manufacturing segment of the paper sector in the country, which was once mostly dependent on import, now looks to widen its footprint on the international market amid some fortune change.
Paper-sector entrepreneurs, as such, regret that some government offices still nurture a penchant for foreign papers imported by spending hard-earned foreign currencies.
Paper mills of Bangladesh
- Al Noor Paper & Board Mills
- Bashundhara Group
- Nitol Group
- Partex Group
- Sonali Group
- Azmat Ali Group
- Azad papers
- Magura Papers
- Bangladesh paoers
- Creative Papers
- Megna Group
- Lipy Group
- Himachal & Himaloy
- S Alam Group
- TK Group
- Karna Phuli Papers
- Alif Paper & pulp
- Purbachal Papers
- Mahera Paper Mills
Integrated Paper Mills
An integrated paper mill has the necessary on-site capabilities to convert round wood (ie trees & branches) first into pulp, and then into paper. Integrated paper mills are usually found close to the essential resources they need, mainly timber and water.
Integrated paper production is very cost effective. For example, the bark stripped from the wood used is converted into biomass and used to generate the power needed to produce the paper. In fact, a modern, integrated mill can be up to 95% energy self-sufficient. In addition, unused heat from the mill is supplied to the local community to heat their homes.
Non-integrated Paper Mills
By contrast, a non-integrated paper mill uses dried pulp as the starting point for paper making. Dried pulp is made in special machines at integrated mills or at non-integrated pulp mills and sold on the open market.
While integrated mills offer the very highest levels of cost effectiveness and efficiency, they are less flexible than non-integrated mills since they are set-up for very high production. Integrated mills are also usually limited to using wood from relatively local forests.
Non-integrated mills can never be as cost effective as integrated mills, but they can use pulp from anywhere in the world and are therefore able to achieve a more complex blend of fibres to give beneficial properties. Non-integrated mills also typically have lower minimum order quantities since they are batch processes, and they can utilize more non-cellulosic additives which are not suited to integrated paper making. Lastly, medical packaging papers intended for steam sterilization benefit from being manufactured from dried pulp.