Ammonium oxide ((NH4)2O) is a white crystalline compound that is soluble in water and acts as a weak base.
It is produced through the reaction of ammonia and oxygen and used in fertilizers, cleaning agents, and as a fire suppressant.
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The structure of ammonium oxide contains planar chains of alternating ammonia and water molecules bonded by hydrogen bonds.
The chains are cross linked into a three-dimensional lattice by hydro- gen bonds of the latter type.
Ammonia is a colorless highly irritating gas with a sharp suffocating odor. It dissolves easily in water to form ammonium hydroxide solution which can cause irritation and burns. Ammonia gas is easily compressed and forms a clear, colorless liquid under pressure.
Agriculture as fertilizer.
For purification of water supplies
In the manufacture-
plastics, explosives, textiles, pesticides,